Land cover map of the EU
- The text on this page is taken from an equivalent page of the IEHIAS-project.
CORINE Land Cover 2000 (CLC2000) is produced by the European Environment Agency (EEA) and its member countries in the European environment information and observation network (Eionet). It is based on the results of IMAGE2000, a satellite imaging programme undertaken jointly by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission and the EEA.
CLC2000 is an update for the reference year 2000 of the first CORINE Land Cover database (CLC90). It is based on photo-interpretation of satellite images by the national teams of the participating countries. National land cover inventories are further integrated into a seamless land cover map of Europe. As per CLC90, the resulting CLC2000 European database is based on standard methodology and nomenclature, providing a three-level hierarchy (with optional lower levels for use at national scale). The third level nomenclature contains 47 land cover classes as indicated in the table below.
The main potential uses of the CLC90 and CLC2000 data for integrated risk assessment are likely to be as inputs to models of environmental pollution and hazards. One example is the work done by the EEA and DG JRC regarding mapping the impact of environmental disasters (such as the Prestige accident and consequent oil spill out of the coast of Galicia in Spain) on human health and protection of life quality. This is part of the database in its current form and can provide some guidance on harmonized use of spatial data for mapping environment and health interactions over time. Another is the use of CLC90 to model emissions, population density and atmospheric pollution at the 1km scale across the EU-15, as part of the APMoSPHERE project. While the most recent CORINE database is CLC2000 and it should usually be the land cover dataset of choice for most assessments, CLC90 may be useful for retrospective assessments related to the late 1980s to early 1990s.
|1||Continuous urban fabric|
|2||Discontinuous urban fabric|
|3||Industrian and commercial units|
|4||Road and rail networks and associated land|
|7||Mineral exctraction sites|
|10||Green urban areas|
|11||Sport and leisure facilities|
|12||Non-irrigated arable land|
|13||Permanently irrigated land|
|16||Fruit trees and berry plantations|
|19||Annual crops associated with permanent crops|
|20||Compex cultivation patterns|
|21||Land principally occupies by agriculture, with significant areas of vegetation|
|27||Moor and heathland|
|30||Beaches, dunes, sand|
|32||Sparsely vegetated areas|
|34||Glaciers and perpetual snow|
|44||Sea and ocean|
|49||UNCLASSIFIED LAND SURFACES|
|50||UNCLASSIFIED WATEER BODIES|