EBoDE Parma

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EBoDE project
This page is a product of the EBoDE project. The final report of the EBoDE project has been published as a report in 2011[1] and also as web pages in Opasnet. These links lead to parts of the report.

EBoDE project: main page | overview | contributors | data overview | Parma meeting | abbreviations | all pages

Methods: environmental burden of disease calculation | selection of exposures and health effects | data needed | impact calculation tool

Health effects in Europe: benzene | dioxins | formaldehyde | lead | ozone | particulate matter | radon | second-hand smoke | transport noise | environmental burden of disease | results by country

EBoDE project organized a side event at the WHO EURO 5th Ministerial Conference, Parma, Italy on March 10-12, 2010. The side event presented the main results (section 1 below), discussed policy implications (section 2) and overall importance of the environmental burden of disease in Europe (section 3) together with links with the WHO Environmental Burden of Disease progremme.

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Few environmental factors are responsible for most of the environmental burden of disease

The impact of environmental factors on public health was quantified for nine selected stressors in six European countries. First four of these estimated to be responsible for more than 90% of the health impact are particulate matter, traffic noise, radon and second hand smoke. Overall, the environmental factors cause a loss of roughly ten thousand disability adjusted life years (DALYs) per million people per year in the participating countries. P39-01-14 (pdf)

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Europe leads the management of chemical risks – with marginal impact on environmental burden of disease

REACH sets EU as the global leader in the management of the risks of man made chemicals, targeting at 1/100 000 lifetime risk, which is a factor of 1 000 below the current risk of ambient air particulate matter. The results of the EBoDE project indicate that at European level the current risks of chemicals mostly comply with the REACH targets. To reduce the environmental burden of disease in Europe, however, much stronger actions are needed on environmental factors outside of the scope of REACH. P43-01-15 (pdf)

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According to the EBoDE project: Environmental factors contribute significantly to the burden of disease in Europe

The significant improvement in health that occurred throughout the 20th century has ceased during the last decades. Similar favourable development does not occur in environmental impact on health, estimated to contribute to 6-12% of the total burden of disease in the six European countries in the EBoDE-project. Of the four top stressors – particulate matter, traffic noise, radon and environmental tobacco smoke - only the last one is currently showing decreasing exposure trends. The assessment utilises WHO Global Burden of Disease methodology. P46-01-16 (pdf)


  1. Otto Hänninen, Anne Knol: European Perspectives on Environmental Burden of Disease: Esimates for Nine Stressors in Six European Countries, Authors and National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Report 1/2011 [1] [2]