Plan S

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Plan S is an action plan of research funders to open up scientific publishing.


What are the impacts of plan S on availability of scientific information, research practices, and merit accumulation?


No answer yet.


Possible ways to publish scientific results:

  • Traditional closed peer-reviewed research articles.
  • Open peer-reviewed research articles.
  • Open preprints that are under peer criticism and may later be published as articles.
  • Open preprints that are not under criticism.
  • Knowledge crystals.
  • Systematic literature reviews.
  • Edited summaries of large topics, understandable also by researchers in other fields.
  • Data with metadata but without interpretation.
  • Wikipedia (not for original results).

Possible ways to produce merit in a scientific community.

  • Publish articles in journals. Journals are ranked based on the assumed average merit of their articles.
  • Participate in scientific societies and promote science that way.
  • Publish patents and other forms of intellectual property.
  • Teach at universities, to the public, or in expert hearings in decision processes.
  • Participate in producing knowledge crystals.
  • Write successful research grants.
  • Get evaluated by peers e.g. when professor positions are filled.
  • Peer-review manuscripts of other researchers.

Possible ways to fund the publishing process.

  • Journal subscriptions.
  • Pey per article download.
  • Pay when an article is accepted for publication.
  • Research funders pay directly peer review, submitting and reading is free.
  • Peer review is self-organised - no money involved.

Who organises the availability and archiving of the scientific material.

  • Scientific publishers who have published the articles.
  • University libraries for their own researchers.
  • International repositories (e.g. ArXiv).

See also