Guidebook

From Opasnet
Jump to: navigation, search
Parts of the Guidance system
Guidebook | Categories: Guidebook
Glossary | Categories: Glossary term
Warehouse | Categories: Assessments | Risk assessments | Variables | Classes
Resource centre | Categories: Resource centre

Table of Contents for the Guidebook

----#(number):: . Due to a decision in the PSG in Intarese, the TOC of the Intarese Guidebook will partly heavily be changed. Therefore, I will start a new page for the "official system TOC" here (Intarese wiki). It will be the basis for further discussions of WP 4.2 with SP 1. The Resource Centre Web page will be the basis for communication with SP 2. (type: truth, paradigm: science view) --Alexandra Kuhn 15:47, 20 May 2008 (EEST)

Guidebook main page

short description of what the Guidebook (old) (and Resource Centre) is
link to special pages ("menue" pages / interactive guidance) for the different user groups, e.g. policy makers, assessors, public
link to the help
link to the glossary
...

General assessment framework

Introduction
Aim of the Guidebook WP 4.2
Scope of the Guidebook as stated in WP 4.2
General assessment framework | Categories: Assessment frameworks
Purpose and properties of good assessments WP 1.1
Societal context of assessments WP 1.1
Evaluating assessment performance WP 1.4
General assessment processes WP 1.1
Information processing R↻
Observing (actually belongs to basic science but is described here for completeness)
Information collection
Information synthesis
Budding new objects
Forming new classes
Assessment process management
Assessment process phases
Process development
Universal products | Categories: Universal object | Assessment objects
Assessment | Categories: Assessments | Risk assessments
Variable | Categories: Variables
Class | Categories: Classes
Causal network

Intarese framework

Intarese framework | Categories: Assessment methods | Method | Risk assessment methods |
Assessment tools WP 1.1
Scientific context
Domain description
Full chain approach
Emissions
Exposure suggested to be released in Intarese-wiki
Exposure-response function
Health impacts and valuation
Policy context
Societal context
Technical context
Performing an assessment WP 1.1
Issue framing | Tools: Issue framing tool WP 1.1
Scoping an assessment WP 1.1
Defining the purpose of an assessment
Defining the users of an assessment
Applying general information | Tools: Result database
Drawing a causal diagram WP 1.1 and 1.4
Designing variables | Tools: Object design tool | Value judgement tool WP 1.4
Executing variables and analyses | Tools: Analysis tool | External model tool | Extracted model tool | Uncertainty tool WP 1.1. and WP 1.4
Variable transfer protocol
Reporting an assessment | Tools: Reporting tool WP 1.1 and WP 4.2

General methods

Processes that cover or relate to several phases or steps R↻
Participating in assessments WP 1.1 and 1.4
The purpose is to allow participation in assessments in a way that ensures an effective distribution of tasks, successful aggregation of task outputs, and scientifically valid outcome.
Mass collaboration
The purpose is the same as for participation in general, but allowing for open participation (see also Open Assessors' Network). | Tools: Collaborative workspace WP 1.4
Organizing stakeholder involvement WP 1.1 and 1.4
The purpose is to collect information and value judgements about issues relevant for the assessment from stakeholders.
Organizing assessment-policy collaboration
The purpose is the same as for organizing stakeholder involvement but limited to policy-makers. Does this include reporting to policy-makers?
Dealing with disputes
The purpose is to deal with or resolve disputes about scientific or value-based issues that are relevant for the assessment.| Categories: Open discussions WP 1.1 and 1.4
Expert panel/elicitation
The purpose is to obtain quantitative data about an important variable in a situation where there are no measurements available. Experts of the area are interviewed and quantitative estimates are obtained from them. This also includes methods to evaluate the goodness of these elicited estimates.
Multiple-bias modelling
The purpose is to correct the estimates based on general knowledge about biases that may or are likely to occur in the particular situation.
GIS (suggested to be released in Intarese) and spatial issues (WP 4.2)
The purpose is...?
Assessing uncertainty
The purpose is to quantitatively assess the uncertainties related to the variables of interest. | Tools: Uncertainty tools (Aguila, MNP, Sensitivity analysis, Monte Carlo simulation, Bayesian analysis, Bayesian belief networks and Bayesian hierarchical modelling) D↷ What about the uncertainties of an assessment and error propagation?
Estimating uncertainties WP 1.5
The purpose is to... what is the difference to assessing uncertainty? Maybe, assessing uncertainties is more like an introductory article and also includes qualitative analyses while estimating uncertainties will include only quantitative analyses?
Propagating uncertainties WP 1.5 (but will WP 1.5 cover this at all?)
The purpose is to quantitatively propagate the uncertainties (described as probability distributions) through the model in a way that the uncertainties of all parts of the model are coherently described.
Reporting uncertainties WP 1.5
Value of information analysis WP 1.4
The purpose is to quantitatively estimate the value of further information (VOI) for decision-making. The VOI is always estimated for a particular set of decision options, using a defined outcome. It may be calculated for the whole decision situation (value of information) or a particular variable (value of partial information).
Collective structured learning
The purpose is to utilise existing information from previous assessments directly in new assessments and thus reduce costs of making assessments. This is done using two principles: the information is given freely available, and the information is structured in a uniform way. | Tools: Result database D↷ WP 1.4
Quality assurance and quality control
The purpose is to evaluate and ensure that the assessment fulfils the scientific criteria. An assessment is considered quality-controlled if all its parts are acceptably peer-reviewed and found out to fulfil the state-of-the art, or alternatively if a part does not fulfil the state-of-the-art, it is shown that the quality defect does not influence the conclusions. | Categories: Pages of assessed quality WP 1.4

Methods related to a particular step in the full chain

Methods related to a particular step in the full chain | Categories: First level scoping objects D↷ R↻ R↻

Environment / Pressures

Activity modelling | Categories: Policy options | Activities
Emission modelling | Categories: Pollutants | Emission releases | Emission sources | Emission factors and activities WP 4.2 and 2.x (estimation of emissions into different media due to activities / driving forces)
including emission scenario building???
Source-to-exposure modelling / environmental fate modelling | Categories: Fate and transport | Pathway media | Concentrations in the environment WP 1.2
Atmospheric environmental fate models /dispersion models (estimation of concentration in air due to releases into air)
Multimedia environmental fate models (estimation of concentration in env. media due to releases into the media)
Intake fraction (relating intake to emissions)
Source attribution (for a given concentration find the related pollutant sources)
Database of source attribution suggested to be released from Intarese-wiki

Human / Exposure-Response modelling

Exposure modelling (a page suggested to be released in Intarese) | Categories: | Exposures | Population behaviour WP 1.2 (estimation of the exposure of the population, disaggregated by pollutants/stressors, microenvironments, times, ...)
including exposure scenarios:
Exposure Evaluation Report
Source-to-exposure and Source Attribution Modelling Methodologies (D13 & D14)
Exposure-source Apportionment and iF-Database (D37 Final, July 2007)
Internal dose modelling | Categories: Doses WP 1.3 and WP 2.2
Pharmacokinetic modelling
Biomonitoring
Exposure-response function modelling | Categories: Health effects | Exposure-response functions WP 1.3 and 2.2 and 2.3
Performing meta-analysis (deriving ERFs from several studies)
Combining toxicological and epidemiological information (deriving better ERFs/DRFs)

Valuation / Aggregation

Non-health impact estimation | Categories: Non-health impacts This is outside Intarese framework but should be mentioned
Health impact valuation | Categories: Costs and valuations WP 1.4
Risk appraisal framework consists of five panels that are briefly listed here but described in more detail elsewhere | Categories: Appraisal ⇤--#(number):: . I think this belongs more to the Intarese framework than here as it encompasses much more than the step of aggregation and valuation (type: truth, paradigm: science view) --Alexandra Kuhn 18:43, 21 May 2008 (EEST)
Policy impact valuation, e.g. Distance to (regulatory) target (define, if a policy/measures are suitable to fulfill a given target and/or how far the actual/modelled situation is from the target situation)
Health impact estimation
Monetary impact estimation
Perception and acceptability impact estimation
Equity estimation
Burden of disease measures ----#1:: . Could we accumulate it like this? (type: truth, paradigm: science view) --Alexandra Kuhn 17:11, 7 March 2008 (EET)
Disability-adjusted life years (summarized burden of disease adding up increased mortality (years of life lost) and years lived with disability: DALY translates the impacts of diseases into life years based on their severity and duration, so that different diseases can be measured using a single currency, the life year.)
Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs evaluate the quality of life in a certain health state, not disease)
Monetary valuation (Possibility to compare and/or aggregate different impacts (e.g. health endpoints, cancer case, cough day, biodiversity loss). Weighing of impacts; convert everything to one unit (to make it comparable))
Discounting
Transferability of monetary values (making monetary values usable in another context (e.g. country))
Contingent valuation studies (CVS) (Determining the willingness to pay (monet. values) for goods/utility changes that are not traded on the market, e.g. health effects. In principle this is not contrained to ask for WTP, is it???)
WTP (Preference of the population to avoid utility change; weighing, e.g. health effects)
Including value judgements (being able to compare s.th. in including judgements about values; preferences)
Risk perception (is this a process or product?; ???)
Equity issues

Related frameworks and issues

Related assessment frameworks
Impact assessment
Chemical risk assessment
Cumulative risk assessment (U.S.EPA CRA program)
Cost-benefit analysis R↻ (to overall compare different options, taking into account costs and benefits)
Cost-effectiveness analysis (to compare different options that have the same aim; the effects are not compared in monetary values)
Multi-attribute utility analysis
Other important issues that are outside Intarese framework
Global warming
Accidents
Ecosystems and biodiversity

Other related documents

Personal monitoring detailed review PM and NO2 (Detailed review of EXOPLIS and ULTRA for PM2.5 and NO2)
WP3.3 protocol (Agricultural land use, policy assessment protocol) and related list of key data sets
IC Pesticide Modelling Approach
Pesticide evaluation report
Risk Characterisation Protocol (D16 Final, May 2007)
Risk Characterisation Methodology Report (D17 Final, June 2007)
Environmental Monitoring Review (D19 Final, Sept 2007)
Human Biomarker Review and Development Strategy (D20 Final, June 2007)
Health Data Review and Surveillance Strategy (D21 Final, Sept 2007)
Transport Assessment Protocol (D22, September 2007)
D23 Housing Assessment Protocol (D23 Final, May 2007)
Water Assessment Protocol (D25 Final, Sept 07)
Wastes Assessment Protocol (D27 Final, May 2007)
Climate Assessment Protocol (D28 Final, May 2007)
User Analysis for appropriate evaluation and sensible prioritisation of integrated assessment of health risks within the European public health approaches (D29, Sept 2007)
Key readings on integrated assessments

Pages available for release in Intarese

See Intarese:Category:To be released for pages that should be moved to Opasnet and taken as part of the Guidance system.
See Intarese:Category:Release suggested for pages that should be moved to Opasnet but the content owner has not yet given the permission.