Electricity production in Finland

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Question

How is electricity produced in Finland currently and in the future? More specifically:

  • What is the share of different production modes and importation?
  • What fuels are used in CHP and separate production of electricity?
  • What is the capacity range of CHP and separate electricity production?

Answer

Rationale

Statistics Finland[1]:

  • Electricity supply and production statistics for Finland from 1960 onwards.
  • Statistics for 2005-2010:
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Production mode TWh Share TWh Share TWh Share TWh Share TWh Share TWh Share
Hydro power 13.4 15.9 % 11.3 12.6 % 14.0 15.5 % 16.9 19.4 % 12.6 15.5 % 12.7 14.5 %
Wind power 0.2 0.2 % 0.2 0.2 % 0.2 0.2 % 0.3 0.3 % 0.3 0.3 % 0.3 0.3 %
Nuclear power 22.4 26.4 % 22.0 24.4 % 22.5 24.9 % 22.1 25.3 % 22.6 27.8 % 21.9 25.0 %
Conventional condensing power 5.3 6.3 % 17.6 19.5 % 14.4 15.9 % 8.8 10.1 % 9.0 11.0 % 14.2 16.2 %
CHP, industry 10.6 12.5 % 11.9 13.2 % 11.5 12.7 % 11.1 12.7 % 8.9 10.9 % 10.3 11.7 %
CHP, district 15.8 18.6 % 15.7 17.4 % 15.3 16.9 % 15.4 17.7 % 15.9 19.6 % 17.8 20.4 %
Importation 17.0 20.1 % 11.4 12.7 % 12.6 13.9 % 12.7 14.6 % 12.1 14.9 % 10.5 12.0 %
Total 84.7 100 % 90.1 100 % 90.4 100 % 87.2 100 % 81.3 100 % 87.7 100 %

Notes

  • Conventional condensing power: electric energy produced by cooling down steam with water without using the heat energy of the steam.
  • CHP: Combined heat and power production


  • Fuels used in in electricity production in 2010:
Production mode: Conventional condensing power Combined heat and power
GWh Share GWh Share
Oil 108 1 % 338 1 %
Coal 9760 69 % 4288 15 %
Natural gas 191 1 % 10786 38 %
Other fossil fuels 61 0 % 129 0 %
Peat 2392 17 % 3460 12 %
Black liquor and other concentrated liquors 319 2 % 5012 18 %
Other wood fuels 1081 8 % 3547 13 %
Other renewables 146 1 % 271 1 %
Other 120 1 % 267 1 %
Total 14178 100 % 28098 100 %

Notes

  • Condensate parts produced in connection with combined heat and power production were calculated with condensing power.
  • In addition to hard coal, coal includes blast furnace gas and coke oven gas and coke.
  • Mixed fuels (such as recycled fuel) are divided into renewable and fossil fuels in ratio to the fossil and biodegradable coal contained in them.
  • Other fossil fuels include plastics fuels and other waste fuels and the fossil part of mixed fuels.
  • Other renewable fuels comprise the bio part of mixed fuels and biogas.
  • Other energy sources include hydrogen, electricity, and reaction and secondary heat of industry.
  • Combined heat and power production includes pure combined production.
  • Reduction heat produced in connection with condensate production and combined heat and power production were calculated in separate production of heat.


Finnish government: Long-term Climate and Energy Strategy 2008[2]:

  • Development of electricity production in Finland:
    • Baseline scenario: compliance with measures and development in place before the 2008 government climate and energy strategy.
    • Target scenario: measure outlined in the 2008 climate and energy strategy are in place.
2005 2006 2020 Baseline scenario 2020 Target scenario
Production mode TWh Share TWh Share TWh Share TWh Share
Hydro power 13.4 16 % 14 16 % 14 14 % 14 14 %
Wind power 0.2 0 % 0.2 0 % 1 1 % 6 6 %
CHP, industry, fossil fuels 2.9 3 % 2.3 3 % 5 5 % 4.1 4 %
CHP, industry, renewables 7.7 9 % 8.7 10 % 9.2 9 % 8.4 9 %
CHP, district, fossil fuels 14.3 17 % 13.9 16 % 16.3 16 % 14 14 %
CHP, district, renewables 1.5 2 % 1.7 2 % 2 2 % 3.5 4 %
Nuclear 22.4 26 % 22.5 26 % 34.9 34 % 34.9 36 %
Conventional condensing power 5.3 6 % 11 13 % 21.3 21 % 13.7 14 %
Importation 17 20 % 12.6 14 % -1 -1 % -1 -1 %
Total 84.7 100 % 86.9 100 % 102.7 100 % 97.6 100 %

Finnish Ministry of Employment and Economy 2009[3]:

  • Update to numbers presented the 2008 climate and energy strategy
  • Likely development of electricity production in Finland resulting from the measures outlined in the climate and energy strategy as well as the overall economic and industrial development:
2007 2008 2020 2030
Production mode TWh Share TWh Share TWh Share TWh Share
Hydro power 14 15 % 16.9 19 % 14 15 % 15 15 %
Wind power 0.19 0 % 0.26 0 % 6 7 % 9 9 %
CHP district 15.3 17 % 15.5 18 % 15 16 % 14 14 %
CHP industry 11.4 13 % 11.9 14 % 9 10 % 9 9 %
Nuclear power 22.5 25 % 22.1 25 % 36 40 % 36 36 %
Conventional condensing power 14.3 16 % 8.2 9 % * *
Importation 12.6 14 % 12.8 15 % * *
Other - - 12 13 % 17 17 %
Total 90.4 100 % 87 101 % 91 101 % 100 100 %

Notes

  • Other: possible new nuclear power, new and existing condensing power and possible importation of electricity in 2020 and 2030.


Dependencies

Formula

See also

Keywords

energy production, electricity, Finland

References

Related files

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Electricity production in Finland. Opasnet . [1]. Accessed 16 Jan 2019.