Goherr: WP2 Sociocultural use, value and governance of Baltic salmon and herring
Summary of workpackage
|Work package number:||WP 2|
|Start date or starting event:||Month 1|
|Work package title:||Sociocultural use, value, and governance of Baltic salmon and herring|
|Participant short name||IFM-AAU||UH||UOULU||THL|
|Person-months per participant||16||26||10||6|
|Päivi Haapasaari||UHfirstname.lastname@example.org||+358 44 5351319||PI; WP2 leader|
|Alyne Delaney||IFM-AAUemail@example.com||alyne93||45 21 34 3776||PI; WP2 co-leader; tasks 2.1a & b; 2.2a, c & d; 2.3a, b & c|
Objectives and Rationale
WP2 will carry out a comparative study of the socio-cultural traditions and values related to salmon and herring, their use, and their governance. Anthropological research has long shown the importance and value of particular foods and environmental resources such as fish on society and culture. Such importance and values are informed and reified by culture, as is the use of these fish in society. Furthermore, the governance structures and institutions in place that inform the management and use of such resources will be investigated with suggestions on how they could be redesigned with input provided to WP 3 (Scenarios and management objectives) and WP6 (Building a decision support model for integrated governance). The objectives are: 1. To understand the socio-cultural importance, value, and use of Baltic salmon and herring; 2. To apply these understandings to suggestions for the socio-cultural and political prerequisites for successful integrated fisheries governance; and 3. To understand what kind of institutional, organisational, structural and attitudinal flexibility is needed for integrated governance.
Baltic salmon has great cultural importance in the Baltic Sea region and is associated with strong emotional values. This is shown e.g. by estimates of public spending for habitat restoration, results of studies regarding willingness to pay (WTP) by anglers, and the constant political debate revolving around salmon, related to who should be allowed to fish salmon, where, and to what extent (Kulmala et al. 2012). Baltic herring does not seem to have such a high cultural value. Rather, its most obvious value is economic. For instance, in Finland, Baltic herring is the most important catch in economic terms. The catches are used for human consumption, fish oil and meal, and animal feed (CEC 2010; EP 2011). Usage is driven by the market conditions, and varies among countries. In WP2, GOHERR first investigates, qualitatively, the importance and value of Baltic salmon and herring in selected case studies in four Baltic Sea MSs: Denmark, Sweden, Finland, and Estonia. For the sociocultural work, the following tasks will be undertaken:
- Task 2.1. Socio-cultural importance and use of Baltic salmon and herring (IFM-AAU, UH, UOUL)
a) Undertake a literature review on the socio-cultural importance and use of Baltic salmon (M12); b)Undertake a literature review on the socio-cultural importance and use of Baltic herring (M12); c) Conduct a minimum of 10 qualitative semi-structured interviews with key Stakeholder groups on the socio-cultural importance and use of Baltic salmon and herring in the selected case studies (M26); d) Conduct a socio-cultural valuation study of the ecosystem services and goods provided by salmon and herring, using Q-sorts or other suitable method (M36); UH (lead), IFM-AAU, UOUL; e) Selected interviews filmed and edited, feeding into public dissemination and outreach tasks (M32); IFM-AAU.
- Task 2.2. Socio-cultural and political prerequisites for successful integrated fisheries governance (IFM-AAU,
UH, UOUL, THL) a) Undertake a literature review focusing on multi-level/nested governance, and on integrated governance overall and in the Baltic Sea; IFM-AAU (M12); b) Undertake a literature review of the legal and policy frameworks related to management of the Baltic salmon and herring, with the aim of assessing constraints and opportunities for changing the present institutional structures towards more integrated ecosystem-based and multi-level decision-making procedures; (M12) c) Integrate Task 2.1 results to analyse how Baltic Sea governance structures and management are related to salmon and herring values (M30); d) Initiate a stakeholder consultation process (International workshop No1, M10) together with WP3, WP4, WP5 and WP6 on the need for scientific information on dioxin with eNGOs, consumers, and scientists, about their use of information, the sources of scientific information they use and the differences they perceive in the credibility and legitimacy of information sources for national and international marine science. The workshop will identify specific data needs for supporting ecosystem-based management, and how to produce research and expertise that could be easily transformed to policy advice; e) Feed results into the Decision Support Model (WP6) in order to develop scenarios for nested and regionalised governance systems for Baltic Salmon and Herring management (M32).
- Task 2.3. Elaborating draft scenarios at the pan-Baltic scale for changing governance structures based on
inputs from Task 2.1, 2.2, WP3, WP4, WP5, and WP6. (IFM-AAU, UH, UOULU) a) Expert workshop where drafts of the scenarios developed in WP2.2(d) are presented and discussed with management experts (International workshop No2, M32); with participants from each Baltic EU MS; b) Finalise scenarios for nested and regionalised governance systems for Baltic herring and salmon, based on feedback from the expert workshop and follow-up key informant interviews covering administrators in Baltic Sea countries, and fishing sector and eNGO representatives (M34); c) Provide options for delivering integrated scientific advice on a regional basis, particular emphasis is given to potential measures to reduce dioxin in Baltic salmon and herring. Building on close interaction with other WPs; (M36).
- D2.1. Edited film short: Sociocultural traditions and values of Baltic salmon/herring (Month 26).
- D2. 2. Journal publication (submitted): The potential for changing the present institutional structures towards nested and integrated structures required by ecosystem based management, based upon current governance structures, management policies and policy performance (Month 30).
- D2.3. Journal publication (submitted): Comparative analysis of differing socio-cultural traditions and values
of Baltic herring and salmon among Baltic Sea countries (Month 30).
- D2.4. Report/MS: Governance structures related to ecosystem approach in the Baltic Sea: integrated
management of Baltic salmon and herring at the regional, national and sub-national level (Month 30).
- D2.5. Report/MS: Scenarios for nested and regionalised governance systems of Baltic salmon and herring
management and their evaluation by experts (Month 35). Responsible partner: UH.
- D2.6. Report/MS: Sociocultural Valuation of Ecosystem Goods provided by Baltic salmon and herring (Month
- D5.2 Journal publication (submitted): The health benefit-risk model results (Month 34).
- D5.3 Report/MS: The role of size-selective fisheries on bio-accumulation of dioxins (Month 36).