Housing appendix A

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1 References

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  15. Healy JD. Excess winter mortality in Europe: a cross country analysis identifying key risk factors. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2003 October 1, 2003;57(10):784-9.
  16. The Eurowinter Group. Cold exposure and winter mortality from ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, respiratory disease, and all causes in warm and cold regions of Europe. Lancet. 1997 May 10;349(9062):1341-6.
  17. Wilkinson P, Landon M, Armstrong B, Stevenson S, McKee M. Cold comfort: the social and environmental determinants of excess winter death in England, 1986-1996. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation; 2001.
  18. Wilkinson P, Pattenden S, Armstrong B, Fletcher A, Kovats RS, Mangtani P, et al. Vulnerability to winter mortality in elderly people in Britain: population based study. BMJ. 2004 Sep 18;329(7467):647.
  19. Rau R. Winter mortality in elderly people in Britain: Lack of social gradient in winter excess mortality is obvious in Denmark. BMJ. 2004 October 23, 2004;329(7472):976-b-7.
  20. Walker JJ, Mitchell R, Platt SD, Petticrew MP, Hopton J. Does usage of domestic heating influence internal environmental conditions and health? Eur J Public Health. 2006 October 1, 2006;16(5):463-9.
  21. Oreszczyn T, Hong S, Ridley I, Wilkinson P, for the Warm Front Study Group. Determinants of winter indoor temperatures in low income households in England. Energy & Buildings. 2006 March 2006;38(3):245-52.
  22. Oreszczyn T, Ridley I, Hong SH, Wilkinson P. Mould and winter indoor relative humidity in low income households in England. Indoor built environment. 2006;15(2):125-35.
  23. Peat JK, Dickerson J, Li J. Effects of damp and mould in the home on respiratory health: a review of the literature. Allergy. 1998;53(2):120-8.
  24. Zureik M, Neukirch C, Leynaert B, Liard R, Bousquet J, Neukirch F. Sensitisation to airborne moulds and severity of asthma: cross sectional study from European Community respiratory health survey. BMJ. 2002 August 24, 2002;325(7361):411-.
  25. Davies M, Ucci M, McCarthy M, Oreszczyn T, Mumovic D, Singh J, et al. A review of evidence linking ventilation rates in dwellings and respiratory health - a focus onhealth dust mites and mould. International J Ventilation. 2004;3(2):155-68.
  26. Commission of the European Communities. Commission Recommendation of 21 February 1990 on the protection of the public against indoor exposure to radon (90/143/Euratom). Official Journal of the European Union, OJ L-80. 1990:26.
  27. Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (BEIR) VI Report: "The Health Effects of Exposure to Indoor Radon". Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1998.
  28. Darby S, Hill D, Auvinen A, Barros-Dios JM, Baysson H, Bochicchio F, et al. Radon in homes and risk of lung cancer: collaborative analysis of individual data from 13 European case-control studies. Bmj. 2005 Jan 29;330(7485):223.
  29. Raw GJ, Coward SK, Brown VM, Crump DR. Exposure to air pollutants in English homes. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol. 2004;14 Suppl 1:S85-94.
  30. Darby S, Whitley E, Silcocks P, Thakrar B, Green M, Lomas P, et al. Risk of lung cancer associated with residential radon exposure in south-west England: a case-control study [see comments]. Br J Cancer. 1998;78(3):394-408.
  31. Dubois G, Bossew P. A European Atlas of Natural Radiations including harmonized radon maps of the European Union. What do we have, what do we know, quo vadimus? Ispra (VA), Italy: European Commission - DG Joint Research Centre 2005.
  32. Gunby JA, Darby SC, Miles JCH, Green BMR, Cox DR. Factors Affecting Indoor Radon Concentrations in the United- Kingdom. Health Physics. 1993;64(1):2-12.
  33. Denman AR, Phillips PS. A review of the cost effectiveness of radon mitigation in domestic properties in Northamptonshire. J Radiol Prot. 1998;18(2):119-24.
  34. Emond AM, Howat P, Evans JA, Hunt L. The effects of housing on the health of preterm infants. Paediatric & Perinatal Epidemiology. 1997;11(2):228-39.
  35. Myers D, Baer WC, Choi SY. The changing problem of overcrowded housing. Journal of the American Planning Association. 1996;62(1):66-84.
  36. Lowry S. Housing and Health. London: British Medical Journal; 1991.
  37. Howden-Chapman P. Housing standards: a glossary of housing and health. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2004 March 1, 2004;58(3):162-8.
  38. Burger H, Kaiser HE. Crowding. In Vivo. 1996;10(2):249-53.
  39. Elender F, Bentham G, Langford I. Tuberculosis mortality in England and Wales during 1982-1992: Its association with poverty, ethnicity and AIDS. Social Science & Medicine. 1998;46(6):673-81.
  40. Baker M, McNicholas A, Garrett N, Fafphm NJ, Stewart J, Koberstein V, et al. Household crowding a major risk factor for epidemic meningococcal disease in Auckland children. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 2000;19(10):983-90.
  41. Moodley JR, Coetzee N, Hussey G. Risk factors for meningococcal disease in Cape Town. South African Medical Journal. 1999;89(1):56-9.
  42. Homoe P, Christensen RB, Bretlau P. Acute otitis media and sociomedical risk factors among unselected children in Greenland. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 1999;49(1):37-52.
  43. McCallion WA, Murray LJ, Bailie AG, Dalzell AM, O'Reilly DP, Bamford KB. Helicobacter pylori infection in children: relation with current household living conditions. Gut. 1996;39(1):18- 21.
  44. Goodman KJ, Correa P. The transmission of Helicobacter pylori. A critical review of the evidence. Int J Epidemiol. 1995;24(5):875-87.
  45. Marsh A, Gordon D, Heslop P, Pantazis C. Housing deprivation and health: A longitudinal analysis. Housing Studies. 2000;15(3):411-28.
  46. Barker DJ, Coggon D, Osmond C, Wickham C. Poor housing in childhood and high rates of stomach cancer in England and Wales. Br J Cancer. 1990;61(4):575-8.
  47. Torrey EF, Yolken RH. At issue: Is household crowding a risk factor for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder? Schizophrenia Bulletin. 1998;24(3):321-4.
  48. Agerbo E, Torrey EF, Mortensen PB. Household crowding in early adulthood and schizophrenia are unrelated in Denmark: a nested case-control study. Schizophrenia Research. 2001;47(2-3):243-6.
  49. Evans GW, Lepore SJ. Household Crowding and Social Support - a Quasi-Experimental Analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1993;65(2):308-16.
  50. Evans J, Hyndman S, Stewart-Brown S, Smith D, Petersen S. An epidemiological study of the relative importance of damp housing in relation to adult health. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2000 Sep;54(9):677-86.
  51. Harrison J, Barrow S, Creed F. Mental health in the North West Region of England: associations with deprivation. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.1998;33(3):124-8.
  52. Sadowski H, Ugarte B, Kolvin I, Kaplan C, Barnes J. Early life family disadvantages and major depression in adulthood. British Journal of Psychiatry. 1999;174:112-20.
  53. Evans GW, Maxwell LE, Hart B. Parental language and verbal responsiveness to children in crowded homes. Developmental Psychology. 1999;35(4):1020-3.
  54. Evans GW, Lepore SJ, Shejwal BR, Palsane MN. Chronic residential crowding and children's well-being: An ecological perspective. Child Development. 1998;69(6):1514-23.
  55. Baker D, Taylor H, Henderson J. Inequality in infant morbidity: causes and consequences in England in the 1990s. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 1998;52(7):451-8.
  56. Schluter PJ, Ford RPK, Mitchell EA, Taylor BJ, Allen EM, Becroft DMO, et al. Housing and sudden infant death syndrome. New Zealand Medical Journal. 1997;110(1047):243-6.
  57. Edwards JN, Fuller TD, Sermsri S, Vorakitphokatorn S. Household crowding and reproductive behavior. Soc Biol. 1992;39(3-4):212-30.
  58. Paydarfar AA. Effects of multi-family housing on marital fertility in Iran: Population policy implications. Social Biology. 1995;42(3-4):214-25.
  59. Sundquist J, Bajekal M, Jarman B, Johansson SE. Underprivileged area score, ethnicity, social factors and general mortality in district health authorities in England and Wales. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care. 1996; 14(2):79-85.

2 Partial list of peer-reviewed, published studies related to ventilation in buildings

  1. Bornehag C-G, Sundell J, Hägerhed-Engman L, Sigsgaard T: Association between ventilation rates in 390 Swedish homes and allergic symptoms in children. Indoor Air 15:275-280, 2005
  2. Daisey JM, Angell WJ, Apte MG: Indoor air quality, ventilation and health symptoms in schools: an analysis of existing information. Indoor Air 13:53-64, 2003
  3. Emenius G, Egmar AC Wickman M: Mechanical ventilation protects one-storey single-dwelling houses against increased air humidity, domestic mite allergens and indoor pollutants in a cold climate region, Clin. Exp. Allergy, 28, 1389–1396, 1998
  4. Emenius G, Svartengren M, Korsgaard J, Nordvall L, Pershagen G, Wickman M: Building characteristics, indoor air quality and recurrent wheezing in very young children (BAMSE). Indoor Air, 14, 34–42, 2004
  5. Godish T, Spengler JD: Relationships between ventilation and indoor air quality: a review. Indoor Air 6, 135-145. 2005
  6. Harving H, Korsgaard J Dahl R: Clinical efficacy of reduction in house-dust mite exposure in specially designed, mechanically ventilated healthy homes, Allergy, 49, 866–870, 1994
  7. Mendell MJ, Heath GA: Do indoor pollutants and thermal conditions in schools influence students performance? Indoor Air 15:27-52, 2005
  8. Reponen T, Nevalainen A, Raunemaa T: Bioaerosol and particle mass levels and ventilation in Finnish homes. Environ Internat 15:203-208, 1989
  9. Ruotsalainen R, Rönnberg R, Säteri J, Majanen A, Seppänen O, Jaakkola JJK: Indoor climate and the performance of ventilation in Finnish residences. Indoor Air 2:137-145, 1992
  10. Seppänen O, Fisk WJ: Association of ventilation system type with SBS symptoms in office workers, Indoor Air, 12, 98–112, 2002
  11. Seppänen O, Fisk WJ, Lei Q H: Ventilation and performance in office work. Indoor Air, 16:1 28, 2006
  12. Shaughnessy R, Haverinen-Shaughnessy U, Nevalainen A, Moschandreas D. A Preliminary study on the association between ventilation rates in classrooms and student performance. Indoor Air, online early (Published article online: 26-May), 2006
  13. Stymne H, Boman CA, Kronvall J: Measuring ventilation rates in the Swedish housing stock, Build. Environ., 29, 373–379, 1994
  14. Sundell J: On the association between building ventilation characteristics, some indoor environmental exposures, some allergic manifestations and subjective symptom reports, Indoor Air, Suppl. 2, 94, 1994.
  15. Sundell J, Wickman M, Pershagen G, Nordvall L: Ventilation in homes infested by house-dust mites, Allergy, 50, 106–112, 1994
  16. Wargocki P, Wyon DP, Matysiak B, Irgens S: The effects of classroom air temperature and outdoor air supply rate on the performance of school work by chidren. Proceedings: Indoor Air, 368-372, 2005
  17. Wargocki P, Sundell J, Bishof W, Brundrett G, Fanger PO, Gyntelberg F, Hanssen SO, Harrison P, Pickering A, Seppänen O, Wouters P: Ventilation and health in non-industrial indoor environments: report from a European multidisciplinary scientific consensus meeting (EUROVEN), Indoor Air, 12, 113–128, 2002.
  18. Warner JA, Frederick JM, Bryant TN, Wiech C, Raw GJ, Hunter C, Stephen FR, McIntyre DA, Warner JO: Mechanical ventilation and high-efficiency vacuum cleaning: a combined strategy of mite and mite allergen reduction in the control of mite-sensitive asthma, J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 105(1 Pt 1), 75–82, 2000.
  19. Weschler CJ, Shields HC: The influence of ventilation on reactions among indoor pollutants: modeling and experimental observations, Indoor Air, 10, 92–100, 2000.
  20. Wålinder R, Norbäck D, Wieslander G, Smedje G, Erwall C: Nasal mucosal swelling in relation to low air exhange rate in schools. Indoor Air 7:198-205, 1997
  21. Öie L, Stymne H, Boman CA, Hellstrand V: The ventilation rate of 344 Oslo residences, Indoor Air, 8, 190–196, 1998
  22. Öie L, Nafstad P, Botten G, Magnus P, Jaakkola JK: Ventilation in homes and bronchial obstruction in young children, Epidemiology, 10, 294–299, 1999

3 Partial list of peer-reviewed, published studies related to dampness and mould in buildings

  1. Andersson MA, Nikulin M, Köljalg U, Andrsson MC, Rainey F, Reijula K, Hintikka E-L, Salkinoja-Salonen MS: Bacteria, molds, and toxins in water-damaged building materials. Applied & Environmental Microbiology 63:387-393, 1997
  2. Arunder AV, Sterling EM, Biggin JH, Sterling TD: Indirect health effects of relative humidity in indoor environments. Environ Health Perspect 65:351-361, 1986
  3. Billings CG, Howard P: Damp housing and asthma. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 53:43-49, 1998
  4. Björnsson E, Norback D, Janson C, Widstrom J, Palmgren U, Strom G, Boman G: Asthmatic symptoms and indoor levels of micro-organisms and house dust mites. Clinical & Experimental Allergy 25:423-431, 1995
  5. Bobbit RC, Crandall MS, Vankataraman A, Bernstein JA: Characterization of a population presenting with suspected mold-related health effects. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 94:39-44, 2005
  6. Bornehag C-G, Blomquist G, Gyntelberg F, Järvholm B, Malmberg P, Nordvall L, Nielsen A, Pershagen G, Sundell J: Dampness in buildings and health. Indoor Air 11:72-86, 2001
  7. Bornehag C-G, Sundell J, Bonini S, Custovic A, Malmberg P, Skerfving S, Sigsgaard T, Verhoeff A: Dampness in buildings as a risk factor for health effects, EUROEXPO: a multidisciplinary review of the literature (1998-2000) on dampness and mite exposure in buildings and health effects. Indoor Air 14:243-257, 2004
  8. Bornehag C-G, Sundell J, Hagerhed-Engman L, Sigsgaard T, Janson S, Aberg N, Abarca ML: Dampness at home and its association with airway, nose, and skin symptoms among 10851 preschool children in Sweden: a cross-sectional study. Indoor Air 15:48-55, 2005
  9. Bornehag CG, Sundell J, Sigsgaard T: Dampness in buildings and health (DBH): Report from an ongoing epidemiological investigation on the association between indoor environmental factors and health effects among children in Sweden. Indoor Air 14 Suppl 7:59-66, 2004
  10. Brunekreef B: Home dampness and respiratory morbidity in children. Am Rev Respir Dis 140:1363-1367, 1989
  11. Brunekreef B: Association between questionnaire reports of home dampness and childhood respiratory symptoms. The Science of the Total Environment 127:79-89, 1992
  12. Brunekreef B: Damp housing and adult respiratory symptoms. Allergy 47:498-502, 2005
  13. Burr ML: Health effects of indoor molds. Rev Environ Health 16:97-103, 2001
  14. Chelelgo J, Haverinen U, Vahteristo M, Koivisto J, Husman T, Nevalainen A, Jaaskelainen E: Analysis of moisture findings in the interior spaces of Finnish housing stock. J Air Waste Manag Assoc 51:69-77, 2001
  15. Curtis L, Cali S, Conroy L, Baker K, Ou CH, Hershow R, Norlock-Cruz F, Scheff P: Aspergillus surveillance project at a large tertiary-care hospital. J Hosp Infect 59:188-196, 2005
  16. Dales R, Zwanenburg H, Burnett R, Franklin CA: Respiratory health effects of home dampness and molds among canadian children. American Journal of Epidemiology 134:196-203, 1991
  17. Dales RE, Burnett R, Zwanenburg H: Adverse health effects among adults exposed to home dampness and molds. Am Rev Respir Dis 143:505-509, 1991
  18. Dales RE, Miller D, McMullen E: Indoor air quality and health: validity and determinants of reported home dampness and moulds. International Journal of Epidemiology 26:120-125, 1997
  19. Dales RE, Miller D, White J: Testing the association between residential fungus and health using ergosterol measures and cough recordings. Mycopathologia 147:21-27, 1999
  20. Dharmage S, Bailey M, Raven J, Mitakakis T, Thien F, Forbes A, Guest D, Abramson M, Walters EH: Prevalence and residential determinants of fungi within homes in Melbourne, Australia. Clinical & Experimental Allergy 29:1481-1489, 1999
  21. Douwes J, van der Sluis B, Doekes G, van Leusden F, Wijnands L, van, Strien R, Verhoeff A, Brunekreef B: Fungal extracellular polysaccharides in house dust as a marker for exposure to fungi: Relations with culturable fungi, reported home dampness, and respiratory symptoms. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 103:494-500, 1999
  22. Douwes J, Zuidhof A, Doekes G, van der Zee S, Wouters I, Boezen HM, Brunekreef B: (1->3)-beta-D-glucan and endotoxin in house dust and peak flow variability in children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 162:1348-1354, 2005
  23. Ebbehoj NE, Hansen MO, Sigsgaard T, Larsen L: Building-related symptoms and molds: a two-step intervention study. Indoor Air 12:273-277, 2002
  24. Engvall K, Norrby C, Norbäck D: Ocular, airway, and dermal symptoms related to building dampness and odors in dwellings. Arch Environ Health 57:304-310, 2002
  25. Evans J, Hyndman S, Steward-Brown S, Smith D, Petersen S: An epidemiological study of the relative importance of damp housing in relation to adult health. J Epidemiol Community Health 54:677-686, 2000
  26. Ezeonu IM, Noble JA, Simmons RB, Price DL, Crow SA, Ahearn DG: Effect of relative humidity on fungal colonization of fiberglass insulation. Applied & Environmental Microbiology 60:2149-2151, 1994
  27. Fung F, Hughson WG: Health effects of indoor fungal bioaerosol exposure. Appl Occup Environ Hyg 18:535-544, 2003
  28. Garrett MH, Rayment PR, Hooper MA, Abramson MJ, Hooper BM: Indoor airborne fungal spores, house dampness and associations with environmental factors and respiratory health in children. Clinical & Experimental Allergy 28:459-467, 1998
  29. Górny RL, Reponen T, Grinshpun SA, Willeke K: Source strength of fungal spore aerosolization from moldy building material. Atmospheric Environment 35:4853-4862, 2001
  30. Grant C, Hunter CA, Flannigan B, Bravery AF: The moisture requirements of moulds isolated from domestic dwellings. International Biodeterioration 25:259-284, 1989
  31. Gunnbrörnsdottir MI, Norbäck D, Plaschke P, Norrman E, Björnsson E, Janson C: The relationship between indicators of building dampness and respiratory health in young Swedish adults. Respiratory Medicine 97:302-307, 2003
  32. Hardin BD, Kelman BJ, Saxon A: Adverse human health effects associated with molds in the indoor environment. J Occup Environ Med 45:470-478, 2003
  33. Harrison J, Pickering CAC, Faragher EB, Austwick PKC, Little SA, Lawton L: An investigation of the relationship between microbial and particulate indoor air pollution and the sick building syndrome. Respiratory Medicine 86:225-235, 1992
  34. Haverinen-Shaughnessy U, Pekkanen J, Nevalainen A, Moschandreas D, Husman T: Estimating effects of moisture damage repairs on students' health-a long-term intervention study. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 14 Suppl 1:S58-S64, 2004
  35. Haverinen-Shaughnessy U, Hyvarinen A, Pekkanen J, Nevalainen A, Husman T, Korppi M, Halla-aho J, Koivisto J, Moschandreas D: Occurrence and characteristics of moisture damage in residential buildings as a function of occupant and engineer observations. Indoor and Built Environment 14:133-140, 2005
  36. Haverinen U, Husman T, Vahteristo M, Koskinen O, Moschandreas D, Nevalainen A, Pekkanen J: Comparison of two-level and three-level classifications of moisture-damaged dwellings in relation to health effects. Indoor Air 11:192-199, 2001
  37. Haverinen U, Husman T, Pekkanen J, Vahteristo M, Moschandreas D, Nevelainen A: Characteristics of moisture damage in houses and their association with self-reported symptoms of the occupants. Indoor and Built Environment 10:83-94, 2001
  38. Haverinen U, Vahteristo M, Moschandreas D, Nevalainen A, Husman T, Pekkanen J: Knowledge-based and statistically modeled relationships between residential moisture damage and occupant reported health symptoms. Atmospheric Environment 37:577-585, 2003
  39. Hirvonen M-R, Suutari M, Ruotsalainen M, Lignell U, Nevalainen A: Effect of growth medium on potential of Streptomyces Anulatus spores to induce inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity in RAW264.7 macrophages. Inhalation Toxicology 13:55-68, 2001
  40. Hodgson MJ, Miller D, Jarvis B, Storey E: Mycotoxins and building-related illness. JOEM 40:761-764, 2005
  41. Husman T: Health effects of indoor-air microorganisms. Scand J Work Environ Health 22:5-13, 1996
  42. Hyndman SJ: Housing dampness and health amongst British Bengalis in East London. Soc Sci Med 30:131-141, 1990
  43. Hynes HP, Brugge D, Osgood ND, Snell J, Vallarino J, Spengler J: "Where does the damp come from?" Investigations into the indoor environment and respiratory health in Boston public housing. J Public Health Policy 24:401-426, 2003
  44. Hyvarinen A, Reponen T, Husman T, Nevalainen A: Comparison of the indoor air quality in mould damaged and reference buildings in a subarctic climate. Cent Eur J Publ Health 9:133-139, 2001
  45. Hyvarinen A, Vahteristo M, Meklin T, Jantunen M, Nevalainen A, Moschandreas D: Temporal and spatial variation of fungal concentrations in indoor air. Aerosol Science and Technology 35:688-695, 2001
  46. Hyvarinen A, Meklin T, Vepsalainen A, Nevalainen A: Fungi and actinobacteria in moisture-damaged building materials - concentrations and diversity. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 49:27-37, 2002
  47. Hyvärinen A, Reponen T, Husman T, Ruuskanen J, Nevalainen A: Characterizing mold problem buildings - concentrations and flora of viable fungi. Indoor Air 337: 1993
  48. Immonen J, Laitinen S, Taskinen T, Nevalainen A, Korppi M: Mold-specific immunoglobulin E antibodies in primary school students: a 3-year follow-up study. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 14:101-108, 2000
  49. Immonen J, Meklin T, Taskinen T, Nevalainen A, Korppi M: Skin-prick test findings in students from moisture- and mould-damaged schools: a 3-year follow-up study. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 12:87-94, 2001
  50. Jaakkola JJK, Hwang B-F, Jaakkola N: Home dampness and molds, parental atopy, and asthma in childhood: a six-year population-based cohort study. Environ Health Perspect 113:357-361, 2005
  51. Jaakkola MS, Laitinen S, Piipari R, Uitti J, Nordman H, Haapala A-M, Jaakkola JJK: Immunoglobulin G antibodies against indoor dampness-related microbes and adult-onset asthma: a population-based incident case-control study. Clin Exp Allergy 129:107-112, 2002
  52. Jaakkola MS, Nordman H, Piipari R, Uitti J, Laitinen J, Karjalainen A, Hahtola P, Jaakkola JJK: Indoor dampness and molds and development of adult-onset asthma: a population -based incident case-control study. Environ Health Perspect 110:543-547, 2002
  53. Jacob B, Ritz B, Gehring U, Koch A, Bischof W, Wichmann H-E, Heinrich J: Indoor exposure to molds and allergic sensitization. Environ Health Perspect 110:647-653, 2002
  54. Jarvis JQ, Morey PR: Allergic respiratory disease and fungal remediation in a building in a subtropical climate. Appl Occup Environ Hyg 16:380-388, 2001
  55. Johanning E, Morey PR, Jarvis BB. Clinical-epidemiological investigation of health effects caused by Stachybotrys atra building contamination. Indoor Air '03 1[225], 230. 1993.
  56. Johanning E: Indoor moisture and mold-related health problems. Allerg Immunol (Paris) 36:182-185, 2004
  57. Jussila J, Komulainen H, Huttunen K, Hälinen A, Hyvärinen A, Kosma V-M, Pelkonen J, Hirvonen M-R: Inflammatory responses in mice after intratracheal instillation of spores of Streptomyces californicus isolated from indoor air of a moldy building. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 171:61-69, 2001
  58. Koskinen O, Husman T, Hyvärinen A, Reponen T, Nevalainen A. Respiratory symptoms and infections among children in a day-care center with mold problems. Indoor Air 5, 3-9. 1995.
  59. Koskinen O, Husman T, Hyvarinen A, Reponen T, Nevalainen A: Two moldy day-care centers: a follow-up study of respiratory symptoms and infections. Indoor Air 7:262-268, 1997
  60. Koskinen OM, Husman TM, Meklin TM, Nevalainen AI: Adverse health effects in children associated with moisture and mold observations in houses. International Journal of Environmental Health Research 9:143-156, 1999
  61. Koskinen OM, Husman TM, Meklin TM, Nevalainen AI: The relationship between moisture or mould observations in houses and the state of health of their occupants. European Respiratory Journal 14:1363-1367, 1999
  62. Lacey J, Crook B: Review. Fungal and actinomycete spores as pollutants of the workplace and occupational allergens. Ann Occup Hyg 32:515-533, 1988
  63. Lange JH, Thomulka KW, Mastrangelo G, Fedeli U, Quezada NV: Airborne mold concentrations during remediation of an apartment building. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 73:487-489, 2004
  64. Larsen FO, Clementsen P, Hansen M, Maltbaek N, Ostenfeldt-Larsen T, Nielsen KF, Gravesen S, Skov PS, Norn S: Volatile organic compounds from the indoor mould Trichoderma viride cause histamine release from human bronchoalveolar cells. Inflamm Res 47:5-6, 1998
  65. Li C-S, Hsu LY, Chou CC, Hsieh KH: Fungus allergens inside and outside the residences of atopic and control children. Arch Environ Health 50:38-43, 1995
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