Prices of fuels in heat production

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Scope

What are prices of fuel used in heat production in own heating systems in apartments and in plants in Finland? This page includes prices for electricity, district heating, liquid fuels and consumer prices of hard coal, natural gas and domestic fuels in heat production in Finland. all data is based on knowledge of Statistics Finland

Definition

Data

Price of district heating

Table 1. Price of District Heating by Type of Consumer1), €/MWh

Date Type of Consumer
Detached house Semidetached house (rivitalo) Apartment building, small Apartment building Apartment building, large
1.1.1996 35.37 32.31 31.89 30.80 28.19
1.7.1996 35.55 32.71 31.96 31.13 28.49
1.1.1997 36.41 33.62 32.88 31.99 29.42
1.7.1997 36.55 33.82 32.83 32.09 29.60
1.1.1998 37.30 34.63 33.62 32.71 30.22
1.7.1998 37.35 34.38 33.50 33.07 30.17
1.1.1999 37.83 34.81 34.21 32.91 30.59
1.7.1999 37.94 34.95 34.34 32.98 30.53
1.1.2000 38.18 35.55 35.08 33.76 30.95
1.7.2000 38.62 36.35 35.89 34.55 31.55
1.1.2001 40.42 38.60 38.08 36.77 33.49
1.7.2001 41.17 39.39 38.35 37.24 34.09
1.1.2002 42.11 40.09 39.30 37.73 34.66
1.7.2002 42.60 40.54 39.63 38.11 35.20
1.1.2003 43.75 40.94 40.11 38.64 35.33
1.7.2003 43.97 41.05 40.20 38.62 35.52
1.1.2004 44.68 41.27 40.49 38.22 35.59
1.7.2004 44.50 41.93 41.03 38.85 36.25
1.1.2005 46.59 43.11 42.29 40.34 37.99
1.7.2005 46.67 43.40 42.66 40.68 38.18
1.1.2006 49.33 46.35 45.52 43.11 40.51
1.7.2006 49.93 47.42 46.49 44.20 41.56
1.1.2007 51.59 48.08 47.43 45.11 42.49
1.7.2007 51.92 48.95 47.71 45.44 42.76
1.1.2008 54.89 52.02 50.68 48.40 45.51
1.7.2008 55.92 53.45 52.01 49.85 47.22
1.1.2009 61.91 58.96 57.87 55.76 53.22
1.7.2009 69.25 63.45 62.68 60.77 58.47
1.1.2010 71.62 65.72 64.96 62.87 60.28

1) The above price data represent overall prices, including the various charges collected ('energy' charge, 'basic' charge, value added tax 22% etc.). The prices are averages for each type of consumer, weighted by the number of consumers served by the plants members of the Association of Finnish Energy Industries / District Heating.

Table 2. Type of consumer. Source: Finnish Energy Industries

Type of consumer Building volume, m3 Energy consumption, MWh/a
Detached house 500 20
Semidetached house 2 000 100
Apartment building, small 5 000 225
Apartment building 10 000 450
Apartment building, big 25 000 1 125

Price of electricity

Table 3. Price of Electricity by Type of Consumer1), c/kWh (Prices include electrical energy, the distribution of electricity, and taxes.)

Date Household Farm Electric Heating
Flat Detached House Direct Accumulating
1.4.1999 9.67 8.59 8.09 6.49 5.57
1.7.1999 9.57 8.58 8.04 6.44 5.52
1.9.1999 9.52 8.53 7.99 6.42 5.50
1.11.1999 9.50 8.51 7.97 6.41 5.48
1.1.2000 9.47 8.48 7.93 6.37 5.47
1.4.2000 9.45 8.46 7.90 6.35 5.45
1.7.2000 9.44 8.44 7.83 6.33 5.44
1.9.2000 9.44 8.41 7.79 6.31 5.43
1.11.2000 9.47 8.41 7.79 6.30 5.41
1.1.2001 9.48 8.42 7.78 6.30 5.42
1.4.2001 9.50 8.43 7.77 6.31 5.43
1.7.2001 9.77 8.64 7.97 6.44 5.57
1.9.2001 9.92 8.75 8.10 6.58 5.73
1.11.2001 10.04 8.84 8.18 6.66 5.81
1.1.2002 10.11 8.90 8.25 6.75 5.92
1.4.2002 10.14 8.92 8.26 6.77 5.94
1.7.2002 10.18 8.94 8.29 6.78 5.96
1.9.2002 10.34 9.05 8.38 6.80 5.98
1.11.2002 10.39 9.08 8.41 6.82 6.01
1.1.2003 10.77 9.38 8.65 7.08 6.25
1.4.2003 11.60 9.98 9.23 7.75 6.89
1.7.2003 11.63 9.96 9.28 7.79 6.94
1.9.2003 11.66 9.99 9.30 7.80 6.95
1.11.2003 11.71 10.05 9.36 7.83 6.98
1.1.2004 11.77 10.10 9.43 7.88 7.05
1.4.2004 11.60 9.90 9.28 7.73 6.94
1.7.2004 11.56 9.85 9.25 7.69 6.90
1.9.2004 11.56 9.85 9.24 7.68 6.90
1.11.2004 11.54 9.82 9.22 7.65 6.87
1.1.2005 11.52 9.81 9.22 7.66 6.89
1.4.2005 11.37 9.69 9.12 7.57 6.84
1.7.2005 11.28 9.63 9.08 7.52 6.80
1.9.2005 11.44 9.74 9.18 7.66 6.94
1.11.2005 11.57 9.83 9.26 7.74 7.01
1.1.2006 11.76 9.97 9.40 7.90 7.18
1.4.2006 11.79 10.01 9.44 7.97 7.24
1.7.2006 12.00 10.17 9.59 8.13 7.41
1.9.2006 12.25 10.42 9.82 8.31 7.55
1.11.2006 12.31 10.47 9.88 8.36 7.59
1.1.2007 12.53 10.69 10.10 8.56 7.78
1.4.2007 12.45 10.59 9.99 8.47 7.72
1.7.2007 12.35 10.51 9.92 8.38 7.64
1.9.2007 12.40 10.57 9.98 8.45 7.71
1.11.2007 12.56 10.72 10.11 8.49 7.75
1.1.2008 13.16 11.29 10.64 9.10 8.35
1.4.2008 13.30 11.56 10.94 9.41 8.68
1.7.2008 13.67 11.78 11.15 9.58 8.86
1.9.2008 13.96 12.05 11.41 9.91 9.19
1.11.2008 14.21 12.29 11.64 10.15 9.45
1.1.2009 14.61 12.45 11.77 10.25 9.52
1.4.2009 14.91 12.51 11.82 10.30 9.56
1.7.2009 15.04 12.59 11.91 10.25 9.49
1.9.2009 14.86 12.43 11.74 10.12 9.36
1.11.2009 14.65 12.60 11.92 10.33 9.60

1) The prices are tax-inclusive averages weighted by the sales volumes of liable electricity retailers. On 1 January 1997, taxes on the energy sources of electricity generation were abandoned, while taxes and a precautionary stock fee on electricity consumption were taken into use.

Types of consumer(Source: Energy Market Authority (Electricity Market Authority)):

1. Apartment house, consumption 2 000 kWh/a, fuse 1 x 25 A

2. Detached house 5 000 kWh/a, 3 x 25 A

3. Agriculture 10 000 kWh/a, 3 x 35 A

4. Detached house, direct electric heating, 18 000 kWh/a (whereof 8 000 kWh by night), 3 x 25 A

5. Detached house, partly accumulating electric heating, 20 000 kWh/a (whereof 14 400 kWh by night), 3 x 25 A

6. Small-scale industry, 1-shift enterprise, 150 MWh/a (whereof 35 MWh by night), charged capacity 75 kW, effective time of capacity use 2 000 h/a

7. Medium-scale industry, 2-shift, 2 000 MWh/a (whereof 625 MWh by night),500 kW, 4 000 h

8. Medium-scale industry, 2-shift, 10 000 MWh/a (whereof 3 130 MWh by night), 2 500 kW, 4 000 h

Prices of domestic fuels

Table 4. Consumer Prices of Hard Coal, Natural Gas and Domestic Fuels in Heat Production (VAT not included)

Hard Coal1) Natural Gas2) Milled peat3) Sod Peat3) Fuel Chips4) Forest Chips5) Wood pellet6)
Month On the Coast Quarter Delivered At Production Site Delivered Delivered Delivered Consumer price (incl. VAT) Index
€/t €/MWh €/1000 m3 (0° C) €/MWh €/MWh €/MWh €/MWh €/MWh €/MWh c/kWh 2005=100
9/1999 70.66 9.97 118.57 11.85 Q3/1999 8.98 6.92 8.96 7.57
12/1999 73.05 10.30 124.29 12.44 Q4/1999 8.93 6.98 9.05 7.74
3/2000 73.66 10.39 128.50 12.85 Q1/2000 8.88 7.07 9.12 7.74
6/2000 76.33 10.77 127.82 12.78 Q2/2000 8.87 6.97 9.08 7.74
9/2000 79.18 11.17 133.04 13.31 Q3/2000 8.93 6.99 9.18 7.74
12/2000 84.31 11.89 163.82 16.38 Q4/2000 9.01 7.09 9.28 7.74
3/2001 83.08 11.72 163.98 16.39 Q1/2001 9.13 7.16 9.44 8.07
6/2001 91.72 12.94 158.10 15.82 Q2/2001 9.21 7.27 9.54 8.20
9/2001 88.27 12.45 158.26 15.82 Q3/2001 9.21 7.27 8.97 8.13
12/2001 87.61 12.36 156.75 15.68 Q4/2001 9.16 7.44 9.32 8.40
3/2002 89.01 12.55 149.79 14.98 Q1/2002 9.17 7.52 9.41 9.00
6/2002 81.98 11.56 151.85 15.19 Q2/2002 9.19 7.52 9.46 9.08
9/2002 78.78 11.11 154.66 15.47 Q3/2002 9.05 7.57 9.11 9.01
12/2002 79.91 11.27 156.74 15.67 Q4/2002 9.17 7.62 9.57 9.37
3/2003 81.42 11.48 162.54 16.25 Q1/2003 9.28 7.73 9.73 9.85
6/2003 78.13 11.02 160.84 16.08 Q2/2003 9.27 7.73 9.75 9.95
9/2003 81.37 11.48 157.64 15.76 Q3/2003 9.49 8.03 10.08 10.12
12/2003 82.04 11.57 156.44 15.64 Q4/2003 9.35 8.01 9.97 9.82
3/2004 84.88 11.97 151.64 15.16 Q1/2004 9.37 8.04 10.05 9.73
6/2004 94.93 13.39 152.84 15.28 Q2/2004 9.37 8.05 10.00 9.63
9/2004 95.98 13.54 158.04 15.80 Q3/2004 9.65 8.50 10.63 9.63
12/2004 94.98 13.40 160.84 16.08 Q4/2004 9.70 8.60 10.93 10.19
3/2005 97.72 13.78 162.24 16.22 Q1/2005 9.78 8.69 11.24 10.64
6/2005 94.33 13.30 169.64 16.96 Q2/2005 9.81 8.68 11.23 10.62
9/2005 94.63 13.35 181.64 18.16 Q3/2005 8.15 7.05 9.57 10.56
12/2005 95.77 13.51 194.14 19.41 Q4/2005 8.05 7.22 10.21 10.51
3/2006 95.25 13.43 226.94 22.69 Q1/2006 8.13 7.36 10.59 11.41
6/2006 93.65 13.21 227.84 22.78 Q2/2006 8.13 7.48 10.95 11.50
9/2006 98.80 13.94 226.94 22.69 Q3/2006 8.24 7.49 10.96 11.53
12/2006 101.34 14.29 228.84 22.88 Q4/2006 8.13 7.46 10.85 11.82
3/2007 97.92 13.81 216.54 21.65 Q1/2007 8.26 7.79 11.54 12.22 12.66
6/2007 96.81 13.65 218.54 21.85 Q2/2007 8.30 7.82 11.61 12.32 12.81
9/2007 98.90 13.95 226.44 22.64 Q3/2007 8.53 7.92 11.71 12.43 12.79
12/2007 109.76 15.48 243.04 24.30 Q4/2007 8.52 7.95 11.76 .. 13.21
3/2008 128.52 18.13 264.80 26.48 Q1/2008 8.47 8.72 12.58 .. 13.41
6/2008 139.48 19.67 284.40 28.44 Q2/2008 8.47 8.72 12.58 .. 13.94
9/2008 152.95 21.57 318.40 31.84 Q3/2008 10.92 8.72 13.30 .. 14.05
12/2008 163.64 23.11 319.60 31.96 Q4/2008 10.94 .. 13.34 .. 15.16 4.81 151.6
3/2009 126.21 17.83 281.50 28.15 Q1/2009 11.08 .. 13.02 .. 16.78 4.89 154.1
6/2009 110.96 15.67 253.60 25.36 Q2/2009 10.80 .. 14.52 .. 17.53 5.25 166.0
9/2009 106.10 14.99 267.10 26.71 Q3/2009 10.16 .. 13.11 18.73 5,20 ** 164,5 **
12/2009 103.63 14.64 280.40 28.04 Q4/2009 10.16 .. 13.11 17.96 5.32 168.5

1) Hard coal: the price is based on the average import price (customs tariff CN 2701 12 90) plus taxes and charges as well as handling and transportation costs. Price on the coast: unloaded on wharf at customer's own harbour. Thermal value: 7,08 MWh/t.

2) Natural gas: until 12/2000, average contract price. Since 3/2001, type of consumer T8, see table 7. The prices include an excise tax and a precautionary stock fee.Thermal value: 10,0 MWh/1000 m3.

3) Peat: The prices are averages weighted by the deliveries of certain member companies of the Confederation of Peat Industries and, therefore, vary according to consumer dependingon the transportation distance and/or contract terms. The price of delivered peat includes a transportation distance of 100 km for milled peat and 50 km for sod peat. Until the second quarter of 2005 the prices include an excise tax, which applies to plants with an annual minimum peat consumption of 25 GWh. Thermal values: milled peat 0,9 MWh/m3, sod peat 1,4 MWh/m3.The price of delivered sod peat in the second quarter of 2008 is an estimate as there was not a sufficient number of deliveries.

4) Fuel chips: Sample includes both forest residue chips and industrial wood residue chips. Delivered, transportation distance not specified. The prices are not valid for the whole country.

5) Forest Chips: Enquiry definitions: Delivered, transportation distance 50 kilometres. Crushed stumps not included.Chipped/crushed product, sold on real markets (shipments within a corporate group not included). Nevertheless, includes small amounts of crushed stumps and unchipped shipments.

6) Wood pellet for households, I-class, 6-8 mm, batch size 5 tons.

Source:Foreign Trade Statistics, Gasum Oy, Association of Finnish Peat Industries, Statistics Finland/ Environment and Energy

Prices of liquid fuels

Table 5. Consumer Prices of Liquid Fuels (includes VAT)1)

Month Motor Gasoline Diesel fuel Light fuel oil Heavy fuel oil
c/l c/l c/l €/MWh c/kg €/MWh
3/1998 95.0 65.9 26.9 27.0 18.0 15.8
6/1998 95.2 63.1 25.2 25.3 18.0 15.8
9/1998 94.9 62.9 25.9 26.0 18.1 15.8
12/1998 86.8 62.9 22.9 23.0 16.8 14.8
3/1999 92.2 63.1 25.9 26.0 17.7 15.5
6/1999 99.6 65.3 26.6 26.7 20.2 17.7
9/1999 104.9 70.8 32.1 32.3 24.8 21.7
12/1999 108.3 78.9 35.8 36.0 25.8 22.5
3/2000 114.0 83.1 38.7 38.9 30.4 26.6
6/2000 123.6 82.7 39.4 39.5 31.2 27.2
9/2000 117.4 91.7 54.2 54.4 34.3 30.1
12/2000 104.9 89.8 47.3 47.5 32.6 28.6
3/2001 111.2 82.2 40.4 40.6 27.9 24.4
6/2001 117.6 82.4 44.1 44.3 28.5 24.9
9/2001 112.5 82.4 42.9 43.1 28.6 25.1
12/2001 98.4 77.7 32.3 32.4 24.9 21.8
3/2002 103.3 77.9 37.3 37.5 27.3 23.9
6/2002 107.4 77.3 34.8 34.9 27.8 24.3
9/2002 111.2 79.6 39.2 39.4 30.8 27.0
12/2002 103.6 79.2 38.8 39.0 29.1 25.5
3/2003 114.0 95.0 49.1 49.3 33.1 29.0
6/2003 110.4 75.5 36.1 36.3 27.4 24.0
9/2003 109.2 78.0 36.1 36.3 28.6 25.0
12/2003 103.8 77.6 37.0 37.2 26.6 23.3
3/2004 110.6 79.9 39.5 39.4 27.1 23.7
6/2004 113.6 79.8 42.7 42.6 29.9 26.2
9/2004 116.5 88.0 48.3 48.2 29.3 25.7
12/2004 111.2 91.1 44.9 44.8 28.0 24.5
3/2005 112.7 93.4 54.3 54.2 33.7 29.6
6/2005 120.6 97.0 60.7 60.6 38.3 33.6
9/2005 135.1 104.4 66.0 65.8 45.5 39.8
12/2005 123.0 100.9 60.7 60.6 43.4 38.0
3/2006 124.4 101.8 63.7 63.6 45.4 39.8
6/2006 133.3 103.1 67.8 67.6 44.2 38.7
9/2006 126.3 101.6 62.3 62.2 40.5 35.5
12/2006 121.4 100.1 58.3 58.2 37.6 33.0
3/2007 126.4 98.8 58.1 58.0 38.1 33.3
6/2007 135.4 99.6 62.5 62.4 43.7 38.2
9/2007 131.4 101.7 67.1 66.9 45.4 39.8
12/2007 132.5 113.1 72.2 72.0 53.1 46.5
3/2008 141.9 125.7 84.4 84.2 53.9 47.2
6/2008 157.4 143.9 102.5 102.3 65.2 57.2
9/2008 149.9 133.1 88.7 88.5 61.8 54.1
12/2008 114.4 101.1 55.1 55.0 37.4 32.8
3/2009 119.6 93.1 52.2 52.1 36.1 31.7
6/2009 137.4 101.5 62.9 62.8 48.4 42.4
9/2009 131.9 99.8 61.3 61.2 50.3 44.1
12/2009 132.2 102.8 63.0 62.9 51.5 45.1

1) Motor gasoline, diesel oil and light fuel oil: weighted average of the prices on the 15th of the month in six localities (Helsinki, Mikkeli, Oulu, Rovaniemi, Seinäjoki and Turku).Heavy fuel oil: national monthly average. Source: Finnish Oil and Gas Federation

Heat system maintenance costs

Heat system investment costs

Causality

Unit

€/MWh

Formula

Result

All results are averages of year 2009

Price of district heating by type of consumer (€/MWh)

Type of Consumer
Detached house Semidetached house (rivitalo) Apartment building, small Apartment building Apartment building, large
Year 2009 av. 65.58 61.21 60.28 58.27 55.85

Price of electricity (c/kWh)

Household Electric Heating
Flat Detached House Direct Accumulating
Year 2009 av. 14.81 12.52 10.25 9.51


Prices of domestic fuel

Hard Coal Natural Gas Milled peat Sod Peat Forest Chips Wood pellet
On the Coast Delivered Delivered Delivered Consumer price (incl. VAT) Index
€/t €/MWh €/1000 m3 (0° C) €/MWh €/MWh €/MWh €/MWh c/kWh 2005=100
Year 2009 av. 111.73 15.78 270.65 27.07 10.55 13.44 17.75 5.15 162.87

Price of liquid fuel

Light fuel oil Heavy fuel oil
c/l €/MWh c/kg €/MWh
Year 2009 av. 59.9 59.7 46.6 40.8

See also

References