Difference between revisions of "Health effects of waste management"

From Opasnet
Jump to: navigation, search
(link to IEAHIAS added)
 
(One intermediate revision by one other user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{assessment}}
+
[[Category:IEHIAS]]
:''This case study was carried out as part (work package 3.7) of the EU-funded INTARESE project. The contents were obtained from [http://www.integrated-assessment.eu/resource_centre/changing_ambient_uvr_and_future_melanoma_and_non_melanoma_skin_cancer_london_rome_an IEHIAS toolbox].
+
:''The text on this page is taken from an equivalent page of the [[Talk:IEHIAS|IEHIAS]]-project.
 
 
  
 
The potential environmental health impacts of waste management of municipal solid waste (MSW) are poorly understood, especially when the different aspects of the full chain process (waste production, collection, transport, recycling, treatment, disposal) are taken into consideration.
 
The potential environmental health impacts of waste management of municipal solid waste (MSW) are poorly understood, especially when the different aspects of the full chain process (waste production, collection, transport, recycling, treatment, disposal) are taken into consideration.
  
 +
To evaluate these impacts, a prognostic assessment was carried out in Lazio (a region in Central Italy with about 5.5 million inhabitants including Rome).  The assessment compared two future waste management scenarios, reflecting different sustainable strategies, with a business-as-usual scenario.  Effects of exposures to airborne pollutants (particles, nitrogen dioxide, dioxins, bioaerosols, biogas, odours and occupational accidents) were considered, from three main activities: waste transport, landfill sites, mechanical and biological treatment (MBT) and incineration.  Health effects associated with mortality (mainly from cardiovascular and respiratory causes), adult cancers, congenital malformations, respiratory symptoms, odour annoyance and physical injuries were assessed, and aggregated into an overall measure of the disease burden (in disease-adjusted life years). 
  
To evaluate these impacts, a prognostic assessment was carried out in Lazio (a region in Central Italy with about 5.5 million inhabitants including Rome).  The assessment compared two future waste management scenarios, reflecting different sustainable strategies, with a business-as-usual scenario.  Effects of exposures to airborne pollutants (particles, nitrogen dioxide, dioxins, bioaerosols, biogas, oodours and occupational accidents) were conmsidered, from three main activities: waste transport, landfill sites, mechanical and biological treatment (MBT) and incineration.  Health effects associated with mortality (mainly from cardiovascular and respiratory causes), adult cancers, congenital malformations, respiratory symptoms, odour annoyance and physical injuries were assessed, and aggregated into an overall measure of the disease burden (in disease-adjusted life years). 
+
Results showed an overall moderate impact on health.  The most important heath impacts were due to occupational accidents related to the collection, loading and transport of waste. Transport of waste (often done using highly polluting trucks) is also an important (and often neglected) cause of exposure to air pollution.  Impacts from landfills and and incinerators is limited due to the strict legislation on emissions, but both landfills and mechanical-biological treatment plants were responsible for a considerable impact in the form of respiratory symptoms and odour annoyance.  The main opportunity to reduce health impacts in the future would be through policies that encourage waste reduction, recycling, clean transport, composting and waste treatment before the final destination.  
 
 
 
 
Results showed an overall moderate impact on health.  The most important heath impacts were due to occupational accidents related to the
 
 
 
 
 
collection, loading and transport of waste. Transport of waste (often done using highly polluting trucks) is also an important (and often neglected) cause of exposure to air pollution.  Impacts from landfills and and incinerators is limited due to the strict legislation on emissions, but both landfills and mechanical-biological treatment plants were responsible for a considerable impact in the form of respiratory symptoms and odour annoyance.  The main opportunity to reduce health impacts in the future would be through policies that encourage waste reduction, recycling, clean transport, composting and waste treatment before the final destination.  
 
 
 
 
 
The findings also suggest an important equity issue, evidenced by the differential distribution of impacts by social group, espicially for people living close to management plants. The same applies to occupational injuries among workers.  These equity issues were not resolved even by the most radical Green strategy.  More attention to equity issues is therefore needed in waste management planning and operation.
 
 
 
==References==
 
  
<references/>
+
The findings also suggest an important equity issue, evidenced by the differential distribution of impacts by social group, especially for people living close to management plants. The same applies to occupational injuries among workers.  These equity issues were not resolved even by the most radical Green strategy.  More attention to equity issues is therefore needed in waste management planning and operation.
  
==Related files==
+
==See also==
  
{{mfiles}}
+
*[[File:iehias_waste_assessment_final_report.pdf]]
  
{{eracedu}}
+
{{IEHIAS}}

Latest revision as of 20:30, 25 September 2014

The text on this page is taken from an equivalent page of the IEHIAS-project.

The potential environmental health impacts of waste management of municipal solid waste (MSW) are poorly understood, especially when the different aspects of the full chain process (waste production, collection, transport, recycling, treatment, disposal) are taken into consideration.

To evaluate these impacts, a prognostic assessment was carried out in Lazio (a region in Central Italy with about 5.5 million inhabitants including Rome). The assessment compared two future waste management scenarios, reflecting different sustainable strategies, with a business-as-usual scenario. Effects of exposures to airborne pollutants (particles, nitrogen dioxide, dioxins, bioaerosols, biogas, odours and occupational accidents) were considered, from three main activities: waste transport, landfill sites, mechanical and biological treatment (MBT) and incineration. Health effects associated with mortality (mainly from cardiovascular and respiratory causes), adult cancers, congenital malformations, respiratory symptoms, odour annoyance and physical injuries were assessed, and aggregated into an overall measure of the disease burden (in disease-adjusted life years).

Results showed an overall moderate impact on health. The most important heath impacts were due to occupational accidents related to the collection, loading and transport of waste. Transport of waste (often done using highly polluting trucks) is also an important (and often neglected) cause of exposure to air pollution. Impacts from landfills and and incinerators is limited due to the strict legislation on emissions, but both landfills and mechanical-biological treatment plants were responsible for a considerable impact in the form of respiratory symptoms and odour annoyance. The main opportunity to reduce health impacts in the future would be through policies that encourage waste reduction, recycling, clean transport, composting and waste treatment before the final destination.

The findings also suggest an important equity issue, evidenced by the differential distribution of impacts by social group, especially for people living close to management plants. The same applies to occupational injuries among workers. These equity issues were not resolved even by the most radical Green strategy. More attention to equity issues is therefore needed in waste management planning and operation.

See also

Integrated Environmental Health Impact Assessment System
IEHIAS is a website developed by two large EU-funded projects Intarese and Heimtsa. The content from the original website was moved to Opasnet.
Topic Pages
Toolkit
Data

Boundaries · Population: age+sex 100m LAU2 Totals Age and gender · ExpoPlatform · Agriculture emissions · Climate · Soil: Degredation · Atlases: Geochemical Urban · SoDa · PVGIS · CORINE 2000 · Biomarkers: AP As BPA BFRs Cd Dioxins DBPs Fluorinated surfactants Pb Organochlorine insecticides OPs Parabens Phthalates PAHs PCBs · Health: Effects Statistics · CARE · IRTAD · Functions: Impact Exposure-response · Monetary values · Morbidity · Mortality: Database

Examples and case studies Defining question: Agriculture Waste Water · Defining stakeholders: Agriculture Waste Water · Engaging stakeholders: Water · Scenarios: Agriculture Crop CAP Crop allocation Energy crop · Scenario examples: Transport Waste SRES-population UVR and Cancer
Models and methods Ind. select · Mindmap · Diagr. tools · Scen. constr. · Focal sum · Land use · Visual. toolbox · SIENA: Simulator Data Description · Mass balance · Matrix · Princ. comp. · ADMS · CAR · CHIMERE · EcoSenseWeb · H2O Quality · EMF loss · Geomorf · UVR models · INDEX · RISK IAQ · CalTOX · PANGEA · dynamiCROP · IndusChemFate · Transport · PBPK Cd · PBTK dioxin · Exp. Response · Impact calc. · Aguila · Protocol elic. · Info value · DST metadata · E & H: Monitoring Frameworks · Integrated monitoring: Concepts Framework Methods Needs
Listings Health impacts of agricultural land use change · Health impacts of regulative policies on use of DBP in consumer products
Guidance System
The concept
Issue framing Formulating scenarios · Scenarios: Prescriptive Descriptive Predictive Probabilistic · Scoping · Building a conceptual model · Causal chain · Other frameworks · Selecting indicators
Design Learning · Accuracy · Complex exposures · Matching exposure and health · Info needs · Vulnerable groups · Values · Variation · Location · Resolution · Zone design · Timeframes · Justice · Screening · Estimation · Elicitation · Delphi · Extrapolation · Transferring results · Temporal extrapolation · Spatial extrapolation · Triangulation · Rapid modelling · Intake fraction · iF reading · Piloting · Example · Piloting data · Protocol development
Execution Causal chain · Contaminant sources · Disaggregation · Contaminant release · Transport and fate · Source attribution · Multimedia models · Exposure · Exposure modelling · Intake fraction · Exposure-to-intake · Internal dose · Exposure-response · Impact analysis · Monetisation · Monetary values · Uncertainty
Appraisal