Energy efficiency policies on domestic appliances in Europe

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Scope

What are potential energy efficiency policies on domestic appliances in Europe (EU-30) during the period 2010-2050 such that

  • they maintain or improve the stock of domestic appliances,
  • they help to achieve the climate change mitigation targets,
  • they are economically feasible?

Definition

Data

Dependencies

Unit

-

Formula

Result

Policy combinations on energy efficiency of domestic appliances
European climate scenario
Policy European BAU European policy scenario
Basic domestic appliance policy None of the policies below All of the policies below
Heat efficiency standards None but this All but this
Reduced electricity demand None but this All but this
Smart grids None but this All but this
Reduced stand-by None but this All but this
Energy saving bulbs None but this All but this

For an explanation about the logic of the policy combinations, see Road transport policies in Europe#Result.

Description of policies on energy efficiency of domestic appliances
Policy Reference (BAU) Policy option
Heat efficiency standards No additional actions. Total heat demand 6120 TWh/a. Increased insulation of buildings and other actions. Heat demand reduced by 50 % to 3060 TWh/a.
Reduced electricity demand No additional actions. Electricity demand reduced by 20 % (are electric cars included here?). Reduces all electricity plants equally.
Smart grids No additional actions. Virtual power plants, intelligent fridges and other methods to reduce the peak loads of electricity demand. (Reduces all plants equally, which is clearly unrealistic.)
Reduced stand-by No additional actions. Electronic appliances do not stay in stand-by. (How large is the impact?) (Reduces all plants equally.)
Energy saving bulbs No additional actions. 118 TWh/a is consumed to lighting. 80 % reduction in electricity demand if electricity saving bulbs coverage is 100 %.


See also

References