Background rates of diseases in Europe

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Scope

What are background rates of the most important diseases in Europe?

Definition

Data

Diseases with exposures to which everyone is exposed

Health effect Total Population Background Rate of Disease (per year) Age Group Population
PM2.5
Work loss days (WLDs) 450,000 WLDs per 100,000 people aged 15-64 per year

[1] [2] [3]

15-64 Years General Population
Minor Restricted Activity Days (MRADs) 780,000 MRADs per 100,000 people in employment aged 18-64 per year

[4]

18-64 Years General Population
Restricted activity days (RADs) 1,900,000 RADs per 100,000 people aged 18-64 per year

[5]

18-64 Years General Population
PM10
Infant Mortality 145 postneonatal deaths per 100,000 live births

[6]

1 month to 1 year General Population
Chronic bronchitis 390 new cases annually per 100,000 adults at risk (adjusted for remission - remission rate of 56.2%)

[7]

Adults aged 18 years and older General Population without symptoms (90% of population)

[7]

Cardiovascular hospital admissions 723 emergency cardiac admissions per 100,000 population, all ages, per year

[8] [9]

All Ages General Population
Respiratory hospital admissions 617 emergency respiratory hospital admissions per 100,000 population, all ages, per year

[10] [11]

All Ages General Population
Asthma medication use in children with asthma 10% mean daily prevalence of bronchodilaotor usage among children meeting the PEACE criteria

[12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17]

5-14 Years Children with Asthma (14.4% of children aged 5-14 in EU27 have asthma)

[18]

Bronchodilator usage in adults with asthma Background probability of bronchodilator use of 0.5 of daily usage among adults 20+

[19] [20] [21]

Adults aged 20 years and older Adults with asthma (10.2% of adults aged 20 and older in EU27 have asthma)

[22]

Lower respiratory symptoms including cough among children 15% mean daily prevalence rate for LRS including cough (all-year rate) among children

[23] [24] [25]

5-14 Years General Population
Lower respiratory symptoms (including cough) in symptomatic adults 30% mean daily prevalence for LRS including cough in symptomatic adults

[26] [27] [28]

Adults Adults with chronic respiratory symptoms (30% of adults have chronic respiratory symptoms)

[29]

Ozone
Mortality (all cause) 920 deaths per 100,000 population

[30]

All Ages General Population
Respiratory hospital admissions 2496 hospitalisations per 100,000 adults aged 65+

[31] [32]

Adults aged 65 years and older General Population
Bronchodilator usage in children 40% mean daily prevalence of bronchodilator useage among asthmatic children. 292,000 (0.8%) days at risk per 100,000 children in the general population

[33] [34] [35]

5-14 Years General Population
Bronchodilator use in adults with asthma Mean daily prevalence of 32% for bronchodilator usage during the summer months

[36] [37]

Adults aged 20 years and older Adults with asthma (10.2% of adults in EU27 have asthma)

[38]

Lower respiratory symptoms (LRS) (excluding cough) among children 1.5% mean daily prevalence of LRS excluding cough in general population of children (summer-time rate)

[39]

5-14 Years General Population
Cough (days) among children 5.4% mean daily prevalence of cough in general population of children (summer-time rate)

[40]

5-14 Years General Population
Minor Restricted Activity Days (MRADs) 780,000 MRADs per 100,000 people in employment aged 18-64 per year

[41]

18-64 Years General Population
Naphthalene
Cancer Not applicable All Ages General Population
Heat (K)
Summer mortality – all cause (non-violent, all ages) 410 deaths per 100,000 population

[42]

All Ages Mediterranean Population (see exposure metric column for specific countries)
Summer mortality – all cause (non-violent, all ages) 440 deaths pre 100,000 population

[43]

All Ages North-Continental Population (see exposure metric column for specific countries)
Noise
Myocardial Infarction 1.4 hospital admissions per 1,000 population

[44]

All Ages General Population


Diseases with exposures to which only a proportion of population is exposed

Health effect Total Population Background Rate of Disease (per year) Unexposed Population Background Rate of Disease (per year) Age Group Population
Radon concentrations
Lung cancer 69.0 lung cancer cases per 100,000 population 68.5 lung cancer cases per 100,000 unexposed adults

[45]

Adults Exposed Adults (4.6% of adults are exposed at baseline)
Formaldehyde
Asthma Incidence 800 new cases of asthma per 100,000 children 797 new cases of asthma per 100,000 unexposed children

[46]

Under 16 Years Exposed children (2.0% of children under 16 years are exposed at baseline)
Homes with mould or dampness
Wheeze among children 2% daily prevalence of symptoms in children 1.9% daily prevalence of symptoms in unexposed children

[47]

Children under 18 Exposed population (15% of children under 18 are exposed)
Wheeze among adults 8% mean daily prevalence of symptoms in adults 7.6% mean daily prevalence of symptoms in unexposed adults

[48]

Adults aged 18 years and older Exposed population (15% of adults aged 18 years and older are exposed)
Asthma Development amoung adults 380 new cases of asthma per 100,000 adults 371 new cases of asthma per 100,000 unexposed adults.

AVERAGE OF: [49] [50] [51] [52] [53]

Adults aged 15 years and older Exposed population (15% of adults aged 15 years and older are exposed)
Asthma Development among children 800 new cases of asthma per 100,000 children 761 new cases of asthma per 100,000 unexposed children

[54]

Children 5-14 Exposed population (15% of children aged 5-14 are exposed)

Dependencies

Not defined yet.

Result

See also

Keywords

Background rate, disease, ICD-10, morbidity

References

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Background rates of diseases in Europe. Opasnet . [11]. Accessed 21 Sep 2019.